Notable Cities and Communities of the Lan Na Kingdom
Wiang Suan Dok is an ancient community.
The square shaped city was enclosed by earthen
walls, and is about 570 meters wide on each side.
It is situated in the west of the present-day city of
Chiang Mai, and at the centre of the ancient city is
Wat Suan Dok.
|Conditions of Wiang Suan
Dok earthen mound currently encroached
by the public for personal purposes
According to Lan Na chronicles, the city had
previously been a Lua city, with the name of Nava
Rattha. That city became bankrupt, and later a new
city called Jetthaburi was established in the same place.
However, enemies attacked the city, and the Lua
abandoned it. Several years later, another city was
established on the old site, called Wiang Suan Dok.
In the reign of King Kue Na, the monarch
invited the venerable Sumana Thera from Sukhothai
to teach the Buddhism of the Sinhalese School in
Chiang Mai, and built Wat Suan Dok for him.
During the reign of Queen Chiraprabha, when a
noble of Yong Huay City led his troops to attack
Chiang Mai, he stationed his men at Wiang Suan
Dok and burned the resistant force in the Wiang.
Centuries later, during Prince Kawila’s reign, Wat
Suan Dok was restored along with many other
At present, Wiang Suan Dok is located at Ban Suan Dok, in the sub-district of
Suthep, the district of Chiang Mai, in the province of Chiang Mai. It has become a large
community and commercial area, with many commercial buildings, residences and offices.
Most of the old city walls have been destroyed, but some parts can still be seen today. For
instance, the northern city wall can be seen at the Faculties of Pharmacy and Dentistry,
Chiang Mai University, and some parts of the southern walls are still in good condition.
The earthen ramparts are about six meters thick and ten meters high.